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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42

Impact of COVID-19 on tuberculosis spectrum

1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, GTB College of Nursing, GTB Nagar, Delhi, India
2 Department of Medicine, Nursing Superintendent, Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Associate Professor, SGRD University of Health Sciences, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Date of Submission16-Jul-2022
Date of Decision31-Aug-2022
Date of Acceptance23-Oct-2022
Date of Web Publication04-Jan-2023

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Shatrughan Pareek
North Western Railway Hospital, Bikaner - 334 001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jopcs.jopcs_20_22

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How to cite this article:
Sharma P, Pareek S, Singh G. Impact of COVID-19 on tuberculosis spectrum. J Prim Care Spec 2023;4:42

How to cite this URL:
Sharma P, Pareek S, Singh G. Impact of COVID-19 on tuberculosis spectrum. J Prim Care Spec [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 Jun 6];4:42. Available from: https://www.jpcsonline.org/text.asp?2023/4/1/42/367063

In the modern world, a COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented event affecting humankind mercilessly on all the land masses of our planet. It thus has brought a continental shift in human lifestyle.[1] As with the development in medical experts, treatment facilities, and vaccinations, tuberculosis (TB) was considered a manageable disease initially, but with the rise in a case seen in 2019, i.e., nearly 10 million people developed TB across the globe thus TB continues to pose a threat to the world.[2] The association and effect of COVID-19 and TB on each other are not clearly understood, there are many comparabilities and contrasts between the two diseases. Few early studies have advised that infection of TB may hike the susceptibility and increases COVID-19 criticalness; therefore, some extended studies are needed. [3,4] Both cause major infection-related severe illness and mortality.During the last 6 months, 500 thousand deceased due to the pandemic whereas globally, 1.2 million deaths have been reported because of TB in 2018.[5] The numbers of new cases at the global level of TB were around 10 million, but COVID-19 cases have already crossed that figure within 6 months of its origin. Routine services for TB are being disrupted by stringent lockdowns against the pandemic.[6] Minor alternations may affect long-term enhancement in TB cases and fatality. A recent study highlighted that 3-month adjournment of TB services and 10 months to reinstitute to routine services, would affect a further 1.19 million TB cases and 0.36 million mortality in the next 5 years.[7] The pandemic has a huge impact on TB care and management which may affect the existing disease control process. The issues associated with lockdown may endure TB encumbrance. The negative effects can be reduced by the quick reestablishment of TB facilities. In addition, some positive and specific initiatives are required to regain TB services at the global level.

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  References Top

]Little P, Read RC, Amlôt R, Chadborn T, Rice C, Bostock J. et al. Reducing risks from coronavirus transmission in the home—the role of Viral Load. BMJ, 2020;M1728. doi:10.1136/bmj.m1728.  Back to cited text no. 1
World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2020. Geneva: WHO, 2020, pp.1-232. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240013131. [Last accessed on 2022 Feb 07].  Back to cited text no. 2
Global Tuberculosis Report, 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241565714. [Last accessed on 2022 Feb 21].  Back to cited text no. 3
Liu Y, Bi L, Chen Y, Wang Y, Fleming J, Yu, et al. Active or latent tuberculosis increases susceptibility to COVID-19 and disease severity. medRxiv 2020. [doi: 10.1101/2020.03.10.20033795].  Back to cited text no. 4
Pathak L, Gayan S, Pal B, Talukdar J, Bhuyan S, Sandhya S, et al. Corona virus activates a stem cell mediated defence mechanism that accelerates activation of dormant tuberculosis: Implications for the covid-19 pandemic. BioRxiv 2020. Available from: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.05.06.077883v1  Back to cited text no. 5
Cilloni L, Fu H, Vesga J, Dowdy D, Pretorius C, Ahmedov S et al. The potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the tuberculosis epidemic a modelling analysis. E Clin Medi. 2020;28:100603.  Back to cited text no. 7


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